What is Traumatic Brain Injury?
TBI is a violation to the brain caused by external forces resulting in traumatic intracranial (inside the skull) injury. Head injury is a more general category that includes damage to other structures like the scalp or skull.
Classifications are based on severity and can range from concussion to coma with a variety of other ailments related to brain health. Our most intricate physical tool, the brain, has amazing self healing abilities and compensatory characteristics when necessary. The most healthy functions will take the reins, so to speak, and prioritize it’s utility for the greatest likelihood of survival.
If the injury is so great it takes full brain power to repair the patient will lose consciousness until such time that it is able to process the conscious world.
When energy from this self healing organ is focused heavily on repairing a certain area other functions may suffer resulting in temporary or sometimes permanent disability.
Common indicators of brain injury are often overlooked possibly causing more damage than necessary. If you have sustained an injury and can say yes to five or more of the following questions you should consult a physician to discuss the symptoms.
|Yes||No||Do you have more headaches since the injury or accident?|
|Yes||No||Do you have pain in the temples or forehead?|
|Yes||No||Do you have pain in the back of the head (sometimes the pain will start at the back of the head and extend to the front of the head)?|
|Yes||No||Do you have episodes of very sharp pain (like being stabbed) in the head which lasts from several seconds to several minutes?|
|Yes||No||Does your memory seem worse following the accident or injury?|
|Yes||No||Do you seem to forget what people have told you 15 to 30 minutes ago?|
|Yes||No||Do family members or friends say that you have asked the same question over and over?|
|Yes||No||Do you have difficulty remembering what you have just read?|
|Yes||No||Do you have difficulty coming up with the right word (you know the word that you want to say but can’t seem to “spit it out”)?|
|Yes||No||Do you get tired more easily (mentally and/or physically)?|
|Yes||No||Does the fatigue get worse the more you think or in very emotional situations?|
CHANGES IN EMOTION
|Yes||No||Are you more easily irritated or angered (seems to come on quickly)?|
|Yes||No||Since the injury, do you cry or become depressed more easily?|
CHANGES IN SLEEP
|Yes||No||Do you keep waking up throughout the night and early morning?|
|Yes||No||Do you wake up early in the morning (4 or 5 a.m.) and can’t get back to sleep?|
|Yes||No||Do you find yourself easily overwhelmed in noisy or crowded places (feeling overwhelmed in a busy store or around noisy children)?|
|Yes||No||Do you find yourself making poor or impulsive decisions (saying things “without thinking” that may hurt others feelings; increase in impulse buying?)|
|Yes||No||Do you have difficulty concentrating (can’t seem to stay focused on what you are doing)?|
|Yes||No||Are you easily distracted (someone interrupts you while you are doing a task and you lose your place)?|
|Yes||No||Do you have difficulty getting organized or completing a task (leave out a step in a recipe or started multiple projects but don’t complete them)?|